According to a recent study, sugar changes the microbes and causes mice to lose immune cells.
- An essential immune cell loss in mice caused by sugar eating has been discovered in a recent study.
- The balance of the microbiome seems to be tipped by sugar in favor of unhelpful bacteria rather than the bacteria that support immune cells.
- The depletion of these immune cells and cardiometabolic illnesses like diabetes are strongly linked, according to the study’s authors.
The immune system is thought to be 70% housed in the gut.
The microbiome, which consists of the bacteria and fungus that inhabit the intestines, and immune cells in the gut interact, directly relating nutrition to immune system health.
Important immune cells are lost as a result of dietary sugar inadvertently.
Bacteria with filamentous strands vs. sugar
The researchers discovered that sugar favored bacteria that killed segmented filamentous germs (SFB). Fish, fowl, and rodents all harbor this kind of bacterium. The number of TH17 cells decreased because these microorganisms were absent.
Faecalibaculum rodentium is a species that outcompetes filamentous bacteria in the stomach and grows when sugar intake is high.
Due to the fact that filamentous bacteria prefer to grow nearby the gut lining, high sugar intake damages the gut membrane and causes inflammation, which prevents filamentous bacteria development. F. rodentium, on the other hand, appears unharmed and takes its position.
Certain bacteria acquire an edge over other bacteria in terms of growth when they digest sugar.
Sugar is not the only prebiotic that may alter the bacteria in the gut. Fibers, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals can all have an impact.
The dangers of hidden sugar.
It could be closer to what people consume than one might imagine given the high sugar amounts that the researchers fed the mice.
Only a small portion of the sugar is taken in granular form every day in the normal Western diet. “Hidden sugars” like dextrose, fructose, maltose, and sucrose are frequently found in food.
Few people are aware of how much more sweeteners are consumed as a result.
Yogurt, coffee and tea beverages, morning cereal, also unsweetened varieties, spaghetti sauce, and sports drinks can all have a lot of sugar in them.
Only three servings of fruits and vegetables, 10 grams of fiber, and an excessive amount of salty, fatty, and sugary snacks make up the average American’s diet.
Two-thirds of Americans become overweight or obese as a result of all this food and lack of exercise, which also compromises immune system function as demonstrated by the pandemic, in which obesity was a risk factor for serious illness.