Reduce Medication Errors in Hospitals

Reduce Medication Errors in Hospitals healthcareservices.vision

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Medication errors are the most common adverse event in hospitals, not only in terms of number but as well in morbidity and mortality, and have significant economic and health consequences.

Adverse events related to the erroneous use of medication cause greater mortality than traffic accidents, breast cancer, or the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

In addition, healthcare staff directly or indirectly involved in an adverse event, the ‘second victims’, may also suffer from emotional harm.

In Europe, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) highlighted that the rate of medication errors in hospitals varies from 0.3% to 9.1% in prescription and from 1.6% to 2.1% at the dispensing stage.

A UK study estimated that there are 237 million medication errors happening at some point in the medication process in England annually, with 66 million being potentially clinically significant.

Errors occur at all stages of the medication use process: prescribing (21.3%), transition (1.4%), dispensing (15.9%), administration (54.4%), and monitoring (7.0%); and in all settings: primary care (38.4%), care homes (41.7%), and secondary care (19.9%).

FACTS ON MEDICATION ERRORS

The United States National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention defines a medication error as: “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer.

Such events may be related to professional practice, health care products, procedures, and systems, including prescribing, order communication, product labeling, packaging, and nomenclature, compounding, dispensing, distribution, administration, education, monitoring, and use.”

Medication errors are the most common adverse event in hospitals and have significant economic and health consequences.

Adverse events related to the erroneous use of medication cause greater mortality than traffic accidents, breast cancer, or the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

In addition, healthcare staff directly or indirectly involved in an adverse event, the ‘second victims’, may also suffer from emotional harm.

 

 

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