Many women who menstruate suffer one or more of these symptoms before their monthly period, including lethargy, bloating, mood changes, and breakouts. They may just be a little annoyance for some people, but for others, they may have a considerable influence on daily life. Why do these symptoms manifest, and are some people more prone than others? On how to deal with PMS, we gathered some individual viewpoints and professional guidance.
Robert T. Frank, an American obstetrician, originally used the term pre-menstrual tension (PMT) to refer to symptoms that women who menstruate at specific points of their cycle experience.
His major focus was on what he called “nervous strain,” which led to “improper or unwanted” actions. He mentioned several medical symptoms, including cyclical asthma, heart irregularity, and water retention. He attributed this “hysteria” that occurs in the days leading up to menstruation to an overabundance of estrogen.
Doctors and academics have since debunked the concept of hysteria as a catch-all phrase for nearly any behaviors and ailments that violated the standards and expectations of conventional patriarchal society.
As a result, people no longer use the term PMT. Nowadays, medical professionals speak about premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which can encompass both physical and mental health issues.
Furthermore, an overabundance of estrogen is not to blame because progesterone and estrogen levels both drop quickly after ovulation, making them low in the days preceding a period. But even today, it’s not known what causes PMS.
It is believed that hormonal variations involving estrogen and progesterone, especially in the latter two weeks of the menstrual cycle, are the root cause of these physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms.
We do know that many women suffer a variety of symptoms in the days preceding their period. The majority of them are typical aspects of the cycle, but for some people, they might make it difficult to go about daily activities.
Living through the physical and mental turmoil that occurs one to two weeks before your period is part of what it means to be a woman.
Common PMS symptoms include mood swings and mental instability. Extreme sadness, angry outbursts, and excruciating worry are among the symptoms. The PMS mood swings include crying fits, yelling fits, and feelings of worthlessness.
There are frequent psychological signs. They are inconvenient for the majority of people, but they don’t interfere with daily life.
Some of the physical changes experienced by women with PMS include headaches, breast tenderness, weight gain, food cravings, acne, stomach bloating, digestive disturbances, including gas and diarrhea, and feeling hungrier. Some ladies won’t experience all of the symptoms. The premenstrual dysphoric disorder may be present when the physical and psychological symptoms are severe and incapacitating for a person.
Does PMS depend on your age?
Older survey participants were more likely to report certain symptoms, including forgetfulness, low libido, sleep issues, gastrointestinal symptoms, weight gain, headaches, sweating or hot flashes, weariness, changes in hair, rashes, and edema.
They might not all be the consequence of PMS, though, as many of these symptoms are connected to perimenopause.
“Don’t ever be hesitant to approach your healthcare practitioner for assistance and affirmation,” we advise if PMS is interfering with your day-to-day activities. It’s crucial to discuss with her/him any persistent and bothersome period problems. PMS may be controlled with the right diagnosis and therapy.
However, many people can control their symptoms without the help of a doctor. Tracking your moods throughout two or three cycles and looking for patterns in your mood swings is one useful strategy, according to Menstrual Matters, a nonprofit online information portal.
Foods heavy in salt, red meat, other fatty proteins, caffeinated beverages, processed foods, and excessive amounts of dairy products like cheese, yogurt, milk, and butter might exacerbate PMS symptoms.
Eat foods like celery, cucumbers, watermelon, tomatoes, asparagus, lemon juice, garlic, melon, and lettuce that are natural diuretics to lessen bloating, water retention, and edema.